Androgel is a gel containing testosterone. It is administered through the skin for treatment of low testosterone levels. It belongs to a class of drugs called androgens. Other testosterone replacement products include Androderm , Axiron , Testim, and Fortesta. Testosterone is the major male sex hormone responsible for the normal growth and development of the male sex organs and secondary sex characteristics. These effects include development of the prostate, penis, and scrotum; distribution of facial, pubic, chest and axillary hair; development of a deep voice and alterations in muscle mass and fat distribution. Low production of testosterone leads to erectile dysfunction , reduced sexual desire, fatigue and loss of energy, depression , regression of secondary sexual characteristics, and weakening of bones ( osteoporosis ). Androgel and other testosterone replacement products supplement or replace natural production of testosterone and reverse symptoms of low testosterone levels. The FDA approved Androgel in February 2000.
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The Tartrazine group revealed a significant decrease in the concentration of brain neurotransmitters as well as a sharp decline in the level of antioxidants in their brains. These include super oxide dismutase, catalase and reduced glutathione. There were also numerous apoptotic cells in the brain cortex compared with the other groups that received royal jelly, water or cod liver oil. Apoptotic cells are cells that are 'committing suicide' or dying. Higher levels of these cells indicated that the Yellow # 4 was likely causing the cells to self destruct.